Road Use

1. Why do kids lack good judgment about traffic?

Children are particularly vulnerable to pedestrian injuries because they are exposed to traffic threats that exceed their cognitive, physical, sensory and auditory development.

When crossing the street, children have to undertake complex behaviours that put them at risk for injury. Crossing involves planning the route, detecting traffic, making assessments about the speed and distance of traffic, and deciding when to cross. Crossing skills involve both motor skills and continuous feedback about decisions.

2. Are teens at a higher risk of injury on the road?

According to the Government of Canada’s Report on Road Safety released in 2011, teens aged 16 – 19 are at a higher risk of being killed in motor vehicle collisions per distance traveled than all other age groups. The same report also states that while teens account for only 13% of licensed drivers, they represented 26% of serious injuries sustained in motor vehicle collisions.

3. Why is distracted driving so dangerous?

Humans are serial processors of information. This means that we cannot concentrate on more than one thing at a time; it often feels like we can because we are capable of switching our attention from thing to another very quickly, but we cant actually multitask as many would believe. This is a myth. Driving safely requires our full attention in order to be able to respond to unexpected situations. People often feel that driving is mindless, because it is so ingrained in our daily routines, but responding and reacting to an unforeseen event requires our full attention. These are the reasons why distracted driving is so dangerous.

4. What is graduated drivers licensing?

Graduated drivers licensing is a system that ensures new drivers can develop skills and gain experience gradually. It has been implemented across Canada in various different forms with different conditions depending on the province. These programs have demonstrated success in reducing injuries and fatalities associated with young drivers.

5. What is traffic calming?

Traffic calming is an umbrella term used to describe a number of strategies to reduce traffic flow and speed around key areas. Examples include: speed bumps, one-way streets, parking regulations, round-abouts, speed limits, pedestrian-safety zones, curbs and medians, and more. For more examples, visit

6. Is using a hands-free device safer than hand-held when driving?

Research indicates that while using a hand-held device is distracting because a drivers eyes are taken off of the road, a hands-free device still diverts attention from the important task of driving, and should not be considered ‘safe.’

7. How can I tell if my child’s car seat is installed correctly?

The most important resources for installing a car seat correctly are the car seat manual as well as the vehicle manual. Each contains vital information required to ensure the seat is installed correctly. Parachute has prepared a couple of videos to help you understand this process and help you in using your manuals on your own.


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